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Kidney Stones –An Overview

Kidney Stones
Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are deposits of salts and minerals that have crystallized inside the kidneys and become intractable. Nephrolithiasis, renal calculi, and urolithiasis are all names for this condition. Kidney stones can occur for several different reasons. Kidney stones can occur for a variety of reasons, including illness, obesity, poor nutrition, and the use of certain drugs and nutritional aids. Lazare Urology can help you understand this better.

What are the types of Kidney Stones?

Knowing the specific type of kidney stone greatly aids treatment. Patients and physicians can benefit from learning how to avoid developing kidney stones. Keeping the kidney stone until a specialist can examine it is one option.

Kidney stones can be one of numerous different types:

  • Uric acid stones are more likely to occur in individuals who experience significant fluid loss owing to persistent diarrhea. Diabetes and metabolic syndrome are two additional considerations.
  • Struvite stones can develop rapidly and grow in size without causing any noticeable symptoms. Typically, they appear after a about of urinary tract infection.
  • Kidney stones made of cysteine result from a genetic condition known as cystinuria. The kidneys produce an abnormally high amount of a specific amino acid due to this illness.
  • The most frequent form of kidney stones is made of calcium. Calcium oxalate is a common ingredient in them. Calcium kidney stones can form when there is an excess of calcium oxalate in the urine due to factors like vitamin D intake, nutrition, metabolic problems, or intestinal bypass surgery.

Indicators of Kidney Stone Formation?

Stones in the kidney or the ureter (the tube that connects the kidney and the bladder) cause discomfort only when they move. As long as they stay put in the kidney, you should feel OK. However, they can prevent urine from draining from the bladder if lodged there. As a result, the kidney swells, and the ureter spasms, resulting in excruciating agony. The following signs and symptoms may be experienced when this occurs:

  • Discomfort that spreads from the hips and lower back to the groin.
  • A burning feeling is experienced during urinating.
  • Pain that comes in waves and might range in intensity.
  • Sharp, stabbing pain in the lower back, sides, and under the rib cage.

Where do kidney stones come from?

Kidney stones can develop for a variety of reasons. Quite a few elements could be at play here. Kidney stones form when the urine’s liquid component is insufficient to dissolve crystal-forming chemicals such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid.

When to See a Doctor?

You should see a doctor right away if you encounter any of the following:

  • Extreme discomfort that prevents sitting still
  • Pain, nausea, and vomiting
  • Symptoms of fever and discomfort
  • Experiencing a hematuria
  • Urinary retention

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